Hemp Seed Uses
Whole Hemp Seeds
Available in sterilized, toasted, roasted and fractionalized (cracked) forms, they are rich in protein, vitamins and minerals. They can be cold-pressed for oil, or hulled to expose the seed meat. Hempseeds are the only edible seeds with gamma-linolenic acid (GLA).
Hulled Hemp Seed
Hemp seed is a highly nutritious source of protein, better tasting and more digestible than the soybean.
Whole hemp seeds can be toasted for snack food or ground into flour. Hulled hemp seed are a healthful component of baked goods, snack and protein bars, granola, sauces and dips. Very versatile, hulled hemp seeds can even be processed into milk, cheese, ice cream, margarine and other foods. Most bird seed contains hemp seed and it makes an excellent ingredient in many pet and animal foods.
Hemp Seed Oil
Hemp also produces an oil seed that contains between 25 – 35 % oil by weight, which is high in essential fatty acids. Cold-pressed, unrefined hemp oil is light green, with a nutty grassy flavour. It is a superb nutritional suppliment for EFA and imparts a desired flavour into dressings, dips and spreads. It can be combined with or used in replacement of olive, walnut and safflower oils for eating. Note that you should not cook with hemp seed oil because heating to temperatures high enough for cooking can diminish or destroy hemp oil’s nutritional values.
Refined hemp oil is clear with little flavour or nutrients and has been widely used in body care products, lubricants, paints and industrial uses. Antimicrobial properties make it an ideal base for soaps, shampoos and detergents.
Hemp Seed Meal
Even after the hemp seed has been crushed for oil, the remaining product still contains 25% protein and is an excellent source of dietary fiber – it still remains a very appropriate food ingredient and nutritional supplement for people and animals. And it can be used to brew beer.
Hemp Horizons by John Roulac, Chelsea Green Publishing Company, 1997
Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
Photos courtesy of: